Anybody that is able to work from home during Alert Level 4 should do so.
Anybody that falls under the below list in this table, of industries and activities, can work outside the home and can travel to and from work under Alert Level 4.
This is subject to:
– Strict health protocols, and social distancing rules;
– Phased-in return to work to enable measures to make the workplace is COVID-ready
– Returning to work to be done in a manner that avoids and reduces risks of infection.
Anybody that is permitted to work outside their home under Level 4 must carry a Permit to Perform an Essential or Permitted Service (click here to download), issued by the head of the company or institution. This permit must always be accompanied by identification.
The Department of Small Business Development may issue further Directions related to small and micro enterprises, co-operatives, informal traders and spaza shops. (This question will be updated if such Directions are issued).
Permissions and Prohibitions
Part A: Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing
- All agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing, beekeeping, including preparation, cultivation, harvesting, storage, transport of live animals and auctions (subject to health directions) and related agricultural infrastructure and services (including research, inspection, certification and quality control).
- All fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms, on such conditions as may be issued in directions by the cabinet members responsible for the environment, forestry and fisheries.
- Harvesting and storage activities essential to prevent the wastage of primary agricultural, fishing and forestry goods.
- Export of all agricultural, agro-processed, fishing and forestry products.
Part B: Electricity, gas and water supply
All electricity, gas and water supply is permitted.
Part C: Manufacturing
- Manufacture of wholesale and retail products permitted to be sold under Alert Level 4, and all input products, permitted scaling up to full employment, except where otherwise indicated, and subject to strict health protocols.
- Manufacture of paper and paper products, excluding stationery, permitted scaling up to full employment and subject to strict health protocols.
- Manufacture of plastics and packaging, including glass, plastic bottles and containers, permitted scaling up to full employment and subject to strict health protocols.
- Petroleum refineries, smelters, and furnaces permitted scaling up to full employment and subject to strict health protocols.
- Manufacture of winter clothing, footwear, bedding and heaters (and all inputs required, including textiles) permitted, commencing at 25% and scaling up to 50% employment and subject to strict health protocols.
- Manufacturing of automotive, steel and other metals, rail and shipbuilding (including components), scaling up in phases to 50% employment and subject to strict health protocols.
- Stationery production, scaling up in phases to 50% employment and subject to strict health protocols.
- Cement, other construction material, and hardware scaling up in phases to 50% employment and subject to strict health protocols.
- All other manufacturing, scaling up to 30% employment and subject to strict health protocols.
Part D: Construction and related services (incl. trade persons)
- Civil engineering for public works projects (including water, energy, sanitation)
- Public works in civil engineering and construction work.
- Road and bridge projects, including local road repairs.
- Critical maintenance and repairs.
Part E: Wholesale and retail trade, covering stores, spaza shops, e-commerce and informal traders
- Food products, including non-alcoholic beverages and animal food.
- The sale of hot cooked food, only for home delivery.
- Toilet Paper, sanitary pads, sanitary tampons, and condoms.
- Hand sanitiser, disinfectants, soap, alcohol for industrial use, household cleaning products, and personal protective equipment.
- Products for the care of babies and toddlers.
- Personal toiletries, including hair care, body, face, hand and foot care products, roll-ons, deodorants, dental care products.
- Medical and Hospital Supplies, medicine, equipment and personal protective equipment.
- Fuel and lighting, including coal, wood, paraffin and gas.
- Airtime and electricity.
- Hardware, components and supplies
- Components for vehicles undergoing emergency repairs.
- Chemicals, packaging and ancillary products used in the production of any these products listed in Part E.
- Textiles required to produce face masks and other personal protective equipment and winter clothing.
- Winter clothing, footwear, bedding and heaters and the components and fabrics required to manufacture these.
- Children’s clothing and fabrics and components required to manufacture these.
- Stationary and educational books.
- Personal ICT equipment including computers, mobile telephones and other home office equipment.
- No sale of liquor permitted.
- Directions may permit the incremental expansion of e-Commerce, taking into account the need to limit the extent of movement on the road, contact between people, law- enforcement challenges and the impact on other businesses.
Part F: Information and communication services
- All telecommunication services and infrastructure.
- Information and Communication Technology services for all private and business customers.
- Postal services and courier services for all permitted Alert Level 4 services.
Part G: Media and Entertainment Services
- Online services
- Productions for local broadcast and live streaming of creative sector services in support of COVID -19 subject to directions.
- Newspapers and broadcasting
Part H: Financial and Business Services
- Employees should work from home where possible.
- Essential financial services may operate, subject to directions issued by the relevant Cabinet member, including the following services necessary to maintain the functioning of a financial system as defined in section 1(1) of the Financial Sector Regulation Act, only when the operation of a place of business or entity is necessary to continue to perform those services:
(i) the banking environment (including the operations of mutual banks, cooperative banks, cooperative financial institutions and the Postbank),
(ii) the payments environment;
(iii) the financial markets (including market infrastructures licensed under the Financial Markets Act, 2012 (Act No. 19 of 2012);
(iv) the insurance environment;
(v) the savings and investment environment;
(vi) pension fund administration;
(v) outsourced administration;
(vi) medical schemes administration; and
(vii) additional services designated in terms of regulation 11B (4A) (C)(i)
The services listed above may not include debt collection services.
3. Services necessary for the provision of social grants
4. Private security services may operate
5. Implementation of payroll systems
6. Car sales under specific directions
7. Chauffeur services, rental of motor vehicles, driven vehicles, machinery and equipment, and of goods to support other Alert Level 4 services.
8. Call centres, for local and all international markets, may operate subject to directions issued by the relevant cabinet members.
9. Other professional services may operate only where work-from-home is not possible, and only to support other Alert Level 4 services.
Part I: Accommodation and food service activities permitted
- Accommodation not permitted, except for quarantine and essential services
- Restaurants only for food delivery services (9H00-19H00) and subject to restriction on movement (no sit-down or pick-up allowed)
Part J: Transport, storage and communication services permitted
- Ocean, rail, road and air transport of goods permitted only for activities set out in Regulation 22(1).
- Public rail, minibus taxi and bus services will resume at Alert Levels and on terms as will be set out in Directions, based on the progressive increase in commuter numbers during the various phases.
- E- hailing services subject to restrictions on capacity and times, and for permitted activities only.
- Transport and logistics in respect of specified cargo specified in J1, and permitted retail goods to neighbouring countries, which shall include all goods imported via SA ports of entry, for re-export to neighbouring countries.
Part K: Mining and Quarrying
- Coal production for Eskom scaling up to full employment
- Open-cast mining scaling up to a baseline of 50% and thereafter scaling up to full employment.
- All other mining starting in batches scaling up towards 50% employment
Part L: Repair and related emergency services permitted
- Tow trucks and vehicle recovery services
- Emergency repair work, including plumbers, electricians, locksmiths, glaziers, roof repair work.
- Emergency automobile repairs for all persons
Part M: Supply Chains
- Production, manufacturing, supply, logistics, transport, delivery and critical maintenance and repair of goods and services (including components and equipment) required for the production or rendering of permitted goods and services.
- All workplaces or premises must have care and maintenance that is essential to the prevention of the destruction or significant impairment of working areas, plant machinery or inventory or to permit orderly wind-down arrangements, on such conditions as may be issued by means of directions by the relevant cabinet members.
Part N: Private Households’ Employment
- Live-in staff, and staff providing care to the sick, mentally ill, elderly, people with disabilities and children
Part O: Public administration, government services and other arms of the state
- Only essential government and administration services may operate, including:
Disaster management services.
- Licensing, permitting, deeds, masters offices. birth and death certificates, replacement identification documents
- Any other service designated by the Executive Authority, HODs, Heads of Courts, and Heads of other Chapter 9 Institutions.
- Essential municipal services.
- Services related to the functioning of courts; the State Capture Commission.
- Essential SARS services defined by the Commissioner of SARS.
- Police, peace officers, traffic officers, military medical personnel and soldiers, correctional services officials and traffic management services.
- Services rendered by the Executive. members of Parliament, Members of the Provincial Legislature, Members of Local Councils, the Judiciary, traditional leaders and National Office Bearers of Political Parties represented in Parliament.
- Commissioners of the South African Human Rights Commission, Gender Commission. the Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities, the Public Protector and Deputy Public Protector and the Independent Electoral Commission.
Part P: Health, Social and Personal Services
- Medical and veterinary services permitted
- Cleaning, sanitation, pest control, sewerage, waste and refuse removal services
- Recycling of glass, paper, plastic, metal, tyres and such others as determined by directions, are permitted at 50% capacity. Informal recyclers will be permitted to resume operations.
- All social work, counselling, services supporting gender-based violence, care and relief activities permitted.
- Wildlife Management, Anti-poaching, Animal Care and Veterinary Services.
- Funeral services, including mortuaries services and the transportation of mortal remains.
- Trade union essential staff for workers covered by Level 4, subject to Directions
Part Q: Education Services
- Permitted on dates and schedule set out separately.
In addition to the above-permitted industries and activities, the Alert Level 4 Regulations also list the following Essential Services:
B) Essential services
- Medical, Health (including Mental Health), Laboratory and Medical services and the National Institute for Communicable Diseases;
- Disaster Management, Fire Prevention, Fire Fighting and Emergency services;
3.1 (a) The following services necessary to maintain the functioning of a financial system as defined in section 1(1) of the Financial Sector Regulation Act, only when the operation of a place of business or entity is necessary to continue to perform those services:
(i) the banking environment (including the operations of mutual banks, co-operative banks, cooperative financial institutions and the Postbank);
(ii) the payments environment;
(iii) the financial markets (including market infrastructures licensed under the Financial
Markets Act, 2012 (Act No. 19 of 2012);
(iv) the insurance environment;
(v) the savings and investment environment;
(vi) pension fund administration;
(vii) outsourced administration;
(viii) medical schemes administration, and
(ix) additional services set out in directions.
(b) The services listed in paragraph (a) may not be construed to include debt collection services.
3.2 Services necessary for the provision of social grants.
- Production and sale of the goods listed in Annexure B
- Wholesale and retail stores for restocking;
- Electricity (including vital demand management services), water, gas and fuel production, supply and maintenance;
- Critical jobs for essential government services as determined by Head of National or Provincial Departments in accordance with the guidance of the Department of Public Service and Administration, including Social Grant Payments and pension payments;
- Essential municipal services;
- Care services and social relief of distress provided to older persons, the mentally ill, persons with disabilities, the sick, and children;
- Funeral and cremation services, including mortuaries services and the transportation of mortal remains;
- Wildlife Management, Anti-poaching. Animal Care and Veterinary services;
- Newspaper, broadcasting and telecommunication infrastructure and services, including call centres critical for the support of such services;
- Production and sale of any chemicals, hygiene products, pharmaceuticals for the medical or retail sector;
- Cleaning, sanitation, pest control, sewerage, waste and refuse removal services;
- Services related to the essential functioning of courts, judicial officers, the Master of the High Court, Sheriffs and legal practitioners required for those services;
- Essential SARS services defined by the Commissioner of SARS;
- Police, peace officers, traffic officers, military medical personnel and soldiers, correctional services officials and traffic management services;
- Postal services and courier services related to the transport of medical products;
- Private security services;
- Air-traffic Navigation, Civil Aviation Authority, air charters. Cargo Shipping and dockyard services:
- Gold, gold refinery, coal and mining;
- Accommodation used for persons rendering essential services, quarantine, isolation and the lockdown;
- Production, manufacturing, supply, logistics, transport, delivery, critical maintenance and repair in relation to the rendering of essential services including components and equipment;
- Transport services for persons rendering essential services and goods. and transportation of patients;
- Services rendered by the Executive, members of Parliament, Members of the Provincial Legislature, Members of Local Councils, the Judiciary, traditional leaders and National Office Bearers of Political Parties represented in Parliament;
26.1 Commissioners of the South African Human Rights Commission, Gender Commission, the Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities, the Public Protector and Deputy Public Protector and the Independent Electoral Commission; and
26.2 Services rendered by the institutions referred to in item 26.1
- Transport and logistics in respect of cargo and goods as set out in Part A to neighbouring countries;
- Tow trucks and vehicle recovery services;
- Call centres necessary to provide health, safety, social support, government and financial services, debt restructuring for consumers of retailers, and access to short-term insurance policies as a result of reduced income or loss of income;
- Harvesting and storage activities essential to prevent the wastage of primary agricultural goods;
- Implementation of payroll systems to the extent that such an arrangement has not been made, to ensure timeous payments to workers; and
- Critical maintenance services which cannot be delayed for more than 21 days and are essential to resume operations;
- Trades necessary for the rendering of emergency repair work, including plumbers, electricians, locksmiths, glaziers, roof repair work;
- Trades necessary for emergency automobile repairs for persons rendering essential services;
- Information and Communication Technology services rendered to entities and institutions engaged in delivering essential services in terms of these Regulations.
Additionally, the Labour Relations Act includes the following essential services:
- Services critical to health and safety (as defined in the Labour Relations Act);
- the Parliamentary service;
- the South African Police Service.
This is set out in the Disaster Management Regulations issued on 29 April 2020, available here.